Nowadays, for short distance travel, people typically choose to go by car. For long distances, people choose planes more often than not, or sometimes ships, but more and more people are starting to travel both long and short distances by train.
There was a time when trains were the preferred method of travel. Back then, trains were the only high speed way to travel long distances, especially when the alternative was horses or horse driven wagons. People would travel across the country or across the state. Train travel back then was certainly much slower than it is now, but this may also be why train travel has always had a certain mystique about it. Trains have always had something special about them; they are more romantic than any other mode of transport and can harken back to olden days when things were much simpler and life seemed much slower.
Train travel is generally less costly, faster and more efficient than some other methods of travel. The best thing about traveling by train is that you do not have to experience any traffic jams and you are still moving along the ground. Train travel is quite leisurely, as you can do many things on the train like take a walk, go to the dining car, make friends and chat with other travelers, look at the views, play cards, read or just sleep. You can enjoy yourself much more on a train than making the same trip with a car. With a car, you must be alert at all times. With a train, you can sleep the next time, if you wish. There's no need to worry about getting there on time, following directions, getting gas, getting lost, weather or where to stop for food either.
The very best thing and biggest advantage of traveling by train is the amount of relaxation you can have. You are able to relax by sitting in any position you want, in a padded seat. You can also take a pillow and a blanket with you to make you more comfortable during your ride. You can also get food from the food cart. This is typical for day trips. For overnight trips, the luxuries available are far more. You can purchase a sleeper cabin, which usually has a toilet and sink for washing up and a comfy bed. Sometimes you may need to share the cabin, other times it will be completely private, depending on what is available on the particular train you are traveling on. Also, on overnight trips, you can take advantage of entertainment, fancier dining and even a bar.
Many cities of Europe are close together, so if you travel by train you get to see a lot of the sights and enjoy other benefits as well. In many parts of Europe, train travel is reliably inexpensive, especially if you take advantage of special rail passes that are available that offer unlimited travel by train on many rail lines in Europe. With these rail passes, it is possible to travel the whole of Europe quite cheaply.
Lastly, modern trains are highly environmentally friendly. Most use eco-friendly sources of power and generate much less pollution than similar travel by plane or car.